Nepali: A Beginner's Primer Conversation and Grammar

पाठ ११ (Lesson 11) - GRAMMAR NOTES

1) रे is a particle used at the end of a sentence when the speaker is not very certain of the information and/or the information is second hand.

उदाहरणको लागि:

उ राम्रो नेपाली बोल्छ रे He speaks good Nepali (but I'm not sure / or so I've been told).


As a request to ask someone to repeat something.


A: मेरो नाम टम हो । My name is Tom.
B: के रे ? What was that? Pardon me, I didn't get it.

2) एको and ने undifferentiated past and present.

एको is the unconjugated form of the past tense, usually used for informal situations and in short conversations.

Verb   Positive Negative
खानु खाएको नखाएको
जानु गएको नगएको
लेख्‍नु लेखेको नलेखेको


म पसलमा गएको I went to the store.
उ पसलमा गएको He went to the store.
हामी पसलमा नगएको We didn't go to the store.

The unconjugated form for present and future tense is ने .

Verb   Positive Negative
खानु खाने नखाने
जानु जाने नजाने
लेख्‍नु लेख्‍ने नलेख्‍ने


तपाई नलेख्‍ने ? You don't write?
तिनी जाने She will go.
उनीहरु फुटबल खेल्ने They will play soccer.


By the end of Lesson 11, you should be able to:

  • use and conjugate थियो
  • understand the use of रे
  • use the informal past and present tenses in appropriate contexts

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