Nepali: A Beginner's Primer Conversation and Grammar

पाठ १२ (Lesson 12) - GRAMMAR NOTES

1) ने and एको as adjectival clauses:

The unconjugated present or past forms of verbs plus a noun can be used to make adjectival clauses. ने is used for general or future cases.

Examples:

आउने मान्छे the man who is coming
खाने बानी eating habit
कालो कपाल हुने केटी the girl with black hair
मिठो खाना पकाउने मान्छे the person who cooks good food
त्यहाँ बस्ने बुढी आइमाई मेरो साथीको हजुर आमा हुनुहुन्छ । The old lady who lives over there is my friend's grandmother.

 

एको is used for past or present situations:

Examples:

आएको मान्छे the person who came
रातो झ्याल भएको घर the house with red windows
रातो ढोका भएको घर the house with the red door/gate
पहाडै पहाड भएको देश the country with mountains everywhere

 

अरु उदाहरणहरु:

गीत गाउन सिक्ने दिनमा हाम्रो नेपाली लुगा लगाउने बिचार छ । We have a plan to wear Nepali dress on the day that we learn to sing.
तपाईले भनेको कुरा मैले बुझेँ । I understood what you said.
मैले नभनेको कुरा तपाई कसरी बुझ्नुहुन्छ ? How could/would you understand the thing which I have not said?

2) को लागि 'for, for the sake of, for the purpose of, in order to':


Examples:

तपाईको लागि म गर्छु । I'll do it for you.
यो चम्चा केको लागि हो ? What is this spoon for?
राम्रो हुनको लागि मिहेनत गर्नु पर्छ । In order to be good, one must work hard.
बाले आमाको लागि सारी ल्याउनुभयो तर आफ्‍नो लागि केहिपनि ल्याउनुभएन । Dad brought a saari for Mom but he didn't bring anything for himself.

 

Objectives


By the end of Lesson 12, you should be able to:

  • make and use adjectival clauses
  • use को लागि

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