Nepali: A Beginner's Primer Conversation and Grammar

पाठ १३ (Lesson 13) - GRAMMAR NOTES

1) Compound verbs: कृया + दिनु 'to do something for someone'

भन्‍नु + दिनु to tell for
किन्‍नु + दिनु to buy for

Example:

तपाईको बालाई मेरो नमस्कार भनिदिनुस् । Could you please tell your father hello for me.

 

2) verb + ने बिचार is an adjectival clause referring to what one is thinking of doing.


Examples:

मेरो किताब पढ्ने बिचार छ ।

I am thinking of reading a book.

I have a plan to read the book

I am planning to read a book.

आज बेलुका हाम्रो दाल-भात खाने बिचार छैन । We have no plan to eat daal-bhaat tonight.

 

Since the idea of doing something has to belong to someone, the subject must be possessive. Since an idea is single, is never conjugated.


CORRECT:

मेरो दाल-भात खाने बिचार छ ।

I'm thinking of eating daal-bhaat.

NEVER:

म दाल-भात खाने बिचार छ ।

AND NEVER:

मेरो दाल-भात खाने बिचार छु ।

3) नै is often used to indicate emphasis.


उदाहरणको लागि:

त्यो कामको लागि म नै जान्छु । I will go for that work (no one else will be sent for that work, trust me).
अहिले सम्म मेरो त्यहाँ जाने नै बिचार छ । So far, I am planning to go there (the plan to go has not been changed yet).
तपाई नै आउनु पर्छ । You (and no one else) should come.
मलाई रातो नै कलम चाहिन्छ । I need a/the red pen (In the case of the pen, I need the red color one. I will not take any other color.)

4) The present perfect tense is made with the unconjugated past tense plus the regular conjugation of छ (of the verb हुनु):

 

म गएको छु / छैन । I have gone / not gone
उ गएको छ / छैन । He has gone / not gone
तपाई जानुभएको छ / छैन । You have gone / not gone

 

Objectives

By the end of Lesson 13, you should be able to:

- make and use compound verbs using दिनु
- use ने बिचार
- use the present perfect tense
- count up to 90

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