Nepali: A Beginner's Primer Conversation and Grammar

पाठ १४ (Lesson 14) - GRAMMAR NOTES

1) The past progressive tense is made by dropping नु from the root verb and adding दै + the appropriate conjugation of थियो:


उदाहरण:

जाँदैथिएँ ।
तपाई जादैहुनुहुन्थियो ।
वहाँ जादैहुनुहुन्थियो ।
हामी जादैथियौँ ।


Like the present progressive, the past progressuve form also does not have a negative conjugation, although you may occasionally hear it in spoken Nepali. To give a negative response to a question, simply negate the question with होईन and then say what you are doing.

उदाहरणको लागि :

तपाई पढ्दैहुनुहुन्थियो ? Were you studying?
होईन, म लेख्दैथिएँ । No, I was writing.

 

2) The past perfect tense is made by using the unconjugated past tense ...एको + the appropriate conjugation of थियो:

उदाहरणको लागि:

म गएको थिएँ / थिईन I had gone / not gone
तपाई जानुभएको थियो / थिएन You had gone / not gone
उनीहरु गएका थिए / थिएनन् They had gone / not gone

3) In spoken and even in written Nepali, a word may be repeated with the initial letter of the repeated word changed to 's' to convey the meaning of the plural of that particular word or to imply types or variations of that thing:

उदाहरणको लागि :


खाना साना foods or food and some eating stuff
चिया सिया tea and something
माईक साईक Mike and somebody
क्‍याथी स्याथी आएर चिया सिया खाएर गफ सफ गरेर गए । Kathy and some other people came, they had tea and things, they chatted and stuff for a while and went.

4) Proverb:

नहुने मामा भन्दा कानो मामा जाती

Even a blind uncle is better than having no uncle.

Meaning: 'something is better than nothing'


Objectives:

By the end of Lesson 14, you should be able to:

  • use and count all the numbers
  • know and use the past progressive tense
  • know and use the past perfect tense

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