Nepali: A Beginner's Primer Conversation and Grammar

पाठ २ (Lesson 2) - GRAMMAR NOTES

1) Nepali has two forms of the verb to be (हुनु)


हो is used to define or identify a person or a thing.


मेरो नाम जिम हो my name is Jim
वहाँको घर अमेरिका हो his/her home is America
त्यो कलम हो that is a pen

is used to qualify or describe (a possession, size, shape, taste or color).

केरा मिठो छ the banana is tasty
यो कलम राम्रो छ this pen is good
कलम टेबलमा छ the pen is on the table

For the pronouns you have learned so far, the present tense conjugations of हो and are as follows:

  Positive Negative Positive Negative
हुँ होइन छुँ छैन
तपाई हुनुहुन्छ हुनुहुन्न हुनुहुन्छ हुनुहुन्न
तिमी हौ होइनौ छौ छैनौ
यो हो होइन छैन
त्यो हो होइन छैन
वहाँ हुनुहुन्छ हुनुहुन्न हुनुहुन्छ हुनुहुन्न


By the end of Lesson 2, you should be able to:

  • identify family members
  • use adjectives
  • understand the difference between हो and
  • count from 11 to 20

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