Nepali: A Beginner's Primer Conversation and Grammar

पाठ ५ (Lesson 5) - GRAMMAR NOTES

1) In Nepali, the same conjugation is used for the simple present, habitual and future tenses

For example, the sentence म दाल-भात खान्छु can mean:

- I eat daal-bhat (right now), or
- I eat daal-bhat (as a habit), or
- I will eat daal-bhat.

To conjugate the verb, drop नु from the root verb and add:

  Affirmative Negative
+ छु + दिन
तिमी + छौ + दैनौ
तपाई + नुहुन्छ + नुहुन्‍न
वहाँ + नुहुन्छ + नुहुन्‍न
तिनी + छिन् + दिनन्
+ छ + दैन
हामी + छौँ + दैनौँ
उनीहरु + छन् + दैनन्

The only variation is with root verbs that end in a vowel before the नु or if there is a consonant with a vowel symbol attached directly before the last letter नु of the root verb; such as खानु, जानु. In such cases then keep half न्‍ when you conjugate in present positive tense.

For example, with the verb खानु, जानु, लिनु:

म खान्छु; तिमी जान्छौ; उनीहरु लिन्छन ।

मन पर्नु literally means something along the lines of 'to fall to mind', i.e., 'to like', मन पर्नु is an impersonal verb (it is never conjugated) and the subject always takes लाई

Present tense

Positive Negative
मन पर्छ मन पर्दैन
मलाई दाल-भात मन पर्छ मलाई दाल-भात मन पर्दैन
रामलाई दाल-भात मन पर्छ रामलाई दाल-भात मन पर्दैन
तपाईलाई दाल-भात मन पर्छ तपाईलाई दाल-भात मन पर्दैन

Past tense

Positive Negative
मन पर्‍यो मन परेन
मलाई दाल-भात मन पर्‍यो मलाई दाल-भात मन परेन
रामलाई दाल-भात मन पर्‍यो रामलाई दाल-भात मन परेन
तपाईलाई दाल-भात मन पर्‍यो तपाईलाई दाल-भात मन परेन

2) सँग and को: को is used to show ownership or belonging, सँग is used to indicate possessions which are physically if temporarily present.

मेरो मोटर छ I have a car.
म सँग कलम छ I have a pen (with me)
उस्को भाई छ He has a brother
उ सँग भाई छ His brother is with him


By the end of Lesson 5, you should be able to:

  • conjugate the simple past tense for any verb
  • express likes and dislikes
  • understand the difference between को and सँग
  • know and be able to count the numbers up to 50

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