Nepali: A Beginner's Primer Conversation and Grammar

पाठ ७ (Lesson 7) - GRAMMAR NOTES

1) किन न + (verb) = why not / why shouldn't it be so?

Examples:

किन नपाईनु ? Why shouldn't it / they be available?
किन नजानु ? Why not go?

2) लाग्नु is an impersonal verb. It does not have an exact translation. It has different meanings in different situations. So far, we know four different kinds of लाग्नु:


a) 'To cost or require'

बसको भाडा कति लाग्छ ? How much does the bus fare cost?

b) 'To have' (subject takes लाई, past tense of लाग्नु is used)

मलाई खोकी लाग्यो I have a cough.
मलाई खोकी लागेको छैन I don't have a cough.

c) 'To feel' (subject takes लाई, past tense of लाग्नु is used)

लाग्छ - लाग्दैन future or habitual tense / general use
लाग्यो - लागेन past tense
लाग्यो - लागेको छैन present tense
लागेकोछ - लागेको छैन present perfect tense

 

Feelings are always past tense in Nepali because you feel something first then you express it:

उस्लाई खुशी लाग्यो He feels happy.
उस्लाई खुशी लागेको छैन He has not felt happy.
मलाई भोक लाग्यो I am hungry (I felt hungry).
तिनीलाई भोक लागेको छैन She is not hungry (she has not felt hungry).


d) 'To be' (subject takes लाई, past tense of लाग्नु is used)

कमलालाई बिज्ञान गाह्रो लाग्यो Kamala finds science difficult.

3) The infinitive form is used in a sentence by replacing the 'u' from the root verb and replacing it with an 'a'.


For example, किन्‍नु becomes किन्‍न:

म कलम किन्‍न गएँ । I went to buy a pen.

Objectives


By the end of Lesson 7, you should be able to:

  • deal with post offices
  • use the different meanings of लाग्नु
  • use infinitive verbs

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