Nepali: A Beginner's Primer Conversation and Grammar

पाठ ८ (Lesson 8) - GRAMMAR NOTES

1) The present progressive tense is made by dropping नु from the root verb and adding दै + the appropriate conjugation of :

Examples:

म खादैछु I am eating.
तपाई खादैहुनुहुन्छ You are eating.
उ खादैछ He is eating.


See the attached table for the complete conjugation. There is no negative form of the present progressive, although you may occasionally hear it in spoken Nepali. To give a negative response to a question, simply negate the question with होईन and then say what you are doing.

Example:

तपाई पढ्दैहुनुहुन्छ ? Are you reading?
होईन, म लेख्दैछु । No, I'm writing.

2) तिमी (the familiar second person) command or imperative form has two patterns:


If the root verb minus नु ends in a vowel, drop the नु and add

उदाहरण:

खानु तिमी खाउ
जानु तिमी जाउ
सिकाउनु तिमी सिकाउ

 

If the root verb minus नु ends in a consonant, drop the नु and add

उदाहरण:

लेख्‍नु तिमी लेख
हेर्नु तिमी हेर

3) भन्दा and सबभन्दा / सबैभन्दा

भन्दा is used for comparing two things, somewhat like than. There are two possible sentence structures with the same meaning:

X भन्दा Y 'adj.'

or

Y, X भन्दा , 'adj.'

Example:

न्यूयोर्क भन्दा ईथका सानो छ ।

or

ईथका, न्यूयोर्क भन्दा सानो छ ।

Ithaca is smaller than New York.

 

हरी, राम भन्दा होचो छ ।

or

राम भन्दा हरी होचो छ ।

Hari is shorter than Ram.

 

सब्भन्दा (सबै + भन्दा) means 'compared to all' and is used to make superlative comparisons ('the -est').

उदाहरण:

त्यो मोटर सब्भन्दा नराम्रो छ । That is the worst car.
उ सब्भन्दा बलियो मान्छे हो । He is the strongest person.

Objectives


By the end of Lesson 8 you should be able to:

  • conjugate and use the present progressive tense
  • compare things
  • use the 2nd person familiar command

Glossary - Enter or paste text in English or Nepali

Dictionary WordPartMeaning